The Think To DO institute carries out a fragile states index for Curaçao
WILLEMSTAD – The Think To Do Institute, the locally based international think tank, produced the Fragile States Index for Curaçao. Since its inception, the Think To DO Institute has been dedicated to the qualities of resilient nations. It is in this context; the institute has conducted research on a variety of topics that influence resilience. As part of this effort, the think tank embarked on an exercise to assess Curaçao’s fragility last year. One of the international instruments used is the Fragile States Index, a Peace Fund assessment tool, used to measure fragility in more than 120 countries. After months of in-depth data collection and analysis, the Fragile States report for Curaçao will be released soon. Before publishing the report, the institute reports important information on resilient and fragile countries.
What is a resilient nation?
A country’s resilience is its ability to respond to hazards. Resilience is measured by a country’s ability to resist, absorb, adapt, adapt, transform, and recover from the effects of a hazard quickly and effectively.
Natural and man-made disasters carry the potential for a myriad of possible consequences. Injury and death, displacement of people, loss of property and land, transportation disruptions, business disruptions, job losses and increased demands on government. Several examples of Curacao’s resilience tests are its response to some of these consequences with Hurricane Thomas’ passage north of the island; and, more recently, the island’s response to threats and consequences of COVID involving lives and livelihoods. In addition to these external threats are internal factors of the nation such as aging and backlog of infrastructure maintenance, poor public services, poor economic performance and disparities, an aging and declining population.
Additional external factors that require greater resilience strategies are the complex and interdependent global trade and economic systems, the changing power relations in the world, the changing speed of technological development due to the 4e Industrial revolution and climate change. How a state responds to these threats requires greater resilience of the physical, social, cultural, economic and environmental health of the nation.
The extent to which the above is addressed, moves a state in the direction of being a resilient nation. But to achieve this and protect future generations, we must be able to anticipate, adapt and react to the factors mentioned above, natural or man-made, short or long term, local or global. To begin the process, the existing status quo must be determined before considering the changes necessary to achieve this resilience. Assessing the country’s vulnerabilities, or its fragility, if you prefer, is the first task before considering policy interventions.
So what are fragile states?
State fragility takes many forms and comes under various labels. State fragility can be viewed as a continuum on which countries and their governments are differentiated and defined by their ability or willingness to deliver these public goods. These states have weak institutions or systems of public administration; poor economic performance and distribution of its earnings; experience poor social cohesion and experience tensions; suffer from corruption; and have inadequate and deteriorating infrastructure and poor quality public services, to name a few of their characteristics. Somalia is an example of a fragile state in its own right. Finland is an example of a resilient state.
What are the root causes of state fragility?
Each state has its own complex history of internal and external influences, and any generalized explanation of fragility will necessarily omit some factors relevant and important to an individual case. State-building is a long and difficult process for developing states today; it takes time to build a stable state. A historical perspective is needed when considering the challenges facing the new states. Additionally, several other possible factors help explain why some have been less effective than others. The “fragile states measures” take into account the colonial heritage, the geographical situation, the lack of regional integration, the conflicts of delimitation of the borders, the limited internal market due to the size and the significant obstacles to development. effective policies such as the policies of leaders and governments of fragile states. History is not fate, and some states have made real development progress despite unfavorable history and negative trends.
the Fragile States Index provide us with data using an international instrument and international comparisons that can be used to determine resilience or fragility.
The Think To DO Institute is an independent, non-partisan think tank located in Curaçao, in the Dutch Caribbean.T2DI aims to help Curacao become a more resilient society by producing research based on best practices that provides practical solutions to the barriers that prevent the community from becoming more resilient.Research evidence shows that resilient societies are created by caring for people, organizations, places and knowledge.Resilient societies design, redefine organizations, institutions, and systems to better absorb disruption, operate under a wide variety of conditions, and transition from circumstance to circumstance more easily. For more information on the Think To DO Institute, visit the website:www.thinktodoinstitute.com